European interracial dating
Interracial marriage in the United States has been fully legal in all U. states since the 1967 Supreme Court decision that deemed anti-miscegenation laws unconstitutional, with many states choosing to legalize interracial marriage at much earlier dates.
Anti-miscegenation laws have played a large role in defining racial identity and enforcing the racial hierarchy.
Only 12% of black women married outside of their race.
For Asians, the gender pattern goes in the opposite direction: Asian women are much more likely than Asian men to marry someone of a different race.
Among blacks, men are much more likely than women to marry someone of a different race.
Research by Tucker and Mitchell-Kerman from 1990 has shown that Blacks intermarry far less than any other non-White group There is also a sharp gender imbalance to Black interracial marriages: In 2008, 22% of all black male newlyweds married interracially while only 9% of black female newlyweds married outside their race, making them one of the least likely of any race or gender to marry outside their race and the least likely to get married at all.
After the Emancipation Proclamation, many Chinese Americans immigrated to the Southern states, particularly Arkansas, to work on plantations.
For example, in 1880, the tenth US Census of Louisiana alone counted 57% of interracial marriages between these Chinese to be with black and 43% to be with white women.
These two counties had the highest rates of interracial marriages involving at least one black spouse in the United States.
The vast majority of these marriages involved black men marrying ethnic Mexican women or first generation Tejanas (Texas-born women of Mexican descent).